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Why Grade 9 Should Transferred to Secondary School


Grade 9 Transferred to Secondary School in 2025 Due to Potential Crisis. In a significant educational reform set to commence next year, Grade Nine learners in Kenya are expected to move to secondary schools. This strategic shift by the government aims to address the burgeoning challenges that have emerged in junior secondary schools (JSS) since introducing the competency-based curriculum (CBC).

The CBC, introduced to bolster a more skills-oriented approach to education, has faced various challenges since its inception. These include a need for more critical facilities such as classrooms, libraries, and laboratories. Additionally, the lack of adequately trained teachers and their insufficient numbers have severely impacted the effective implementation of the curriculum. The first batch of learners under this new curriculum was met with these unexpected setbacks, highlighting the need for a significant strategic shift.

In seeking solutions, the government has noted that secondary schools, particularly those with well-equipped laboratories, libraries, and vacant classrooms after the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) examinations, could provide a much-needed respite. This move could alleviate the pressure on JSS facilities, which need help accommodating the influx of students.

The expected rigour in Grade Nine and the need to strengthen career paths among students necessitate a more robust and well-resourced learning environment. Sources within the government suggest that this calls for a radical change in the approach to junior secondary education.

The Kenya Union of Post-Primary Education Teachers (Kuppet) has been a vocal proponent of this shift. They propose that Grades Seven and Eight remain within the primary school domain while Grade Nine transitions to high school. According to Kuppet, the current state of JSS is fraught with problems and inefficiencies, warranting an urgent reevaluation of its implementation.

The challenges extend to the teaching staff as well. Many teachers in JSS are either novices or need more mastery in their assigned subjects, contributing to a chaotic learning environment. Kuppet officials have also highlighted issues such as dissatisfaction among teachers due to poor remuneration and a lack of support. This situation necessitates a comprehensive assessment of JSS, including teacher training and support mechanisms.

The disparity between public and private institutions is stark. While private schools enjoys well-equipped laboratories and a conducive teacher-student ratio, public schools struggles with overcrowding and a lack of resources. This disparity raises questions about equity and access to quality education in public and private schools.

Government Initiatives and Funding

In response to these challenges, the Ministry of Education announced allocating Sh3.9 billion to construct 15,021 additional classrooms for JSS by 2025. Additionally, the World Bank is set to contribute Sh9 billion towards building 9,000 more classrooms. These efforts, supplemented by the National Government Constituency Development Fund (NGCDF), aim to ensure the infrastructure is in place for the first batch of Grade 9 learners in secondary schools by 2025.

Education Cabinet Secretary Ezekiel Machogu emphasized that these steps are crucial to providing a supportive environment for staff and students. This investment underscores the government’s commitment to revamping the educational infrastructure to meet the demands of the new curriculum.

Looking Ahead transition of Grade Nine to secondary schools is not just a logistical shift but a broader rethinking of educational strategy in Kenya. This move is expected to have far-reaching implications on the overall quality of education and the future of the country’s educational system. The success of this initiative will depend not just on infrastructure development but also on the effectiveness of teacher training, curriculum adaptation, and overall educational policy reform.

As the country prepares for this significant transition, all eyes are on the government’s ability to deliver on its promises and create an educational system that is equitable, effective, and forward-looking. The success of this initiative will be a critical benchmark for the future of education in Kenya and potentially a model for other countries grappling with similar challenges.

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