Generally, only men are the ones who grow facial hair especially the beards and moustaches. However, there are situations where you find a female or rather women also having excess facial hair that results into having beards, moustaches and even sideburns. This condition is called Hirsutism.
What is Hirsutism?
This is a condition in where women grow excess hair in areas more common in men such as the face and the lower abdomen. Other than hair growth, menstruation may also stop, and even the voice deepens. Some women also lose hair and become bald in addition. Hirsutism is not quite common but it happens in about 5-10% of women.
What Causes of Hirsutism
This condition can be caused by several factors but most common ones are;
Women, just like men, produce hormones Androgen and testosterone. However, they produce very low level of these compared to men. In situations where these hormones are produced in higher levels than the normal, hirsutism may occur. Sometimes hormonal imbalance occurs after menopause.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
This is commonly known as PCOS an is related to the overproduction of androgen. This can also lead to excess facial hair in women.
Race and Genes
Females and women from the Middle East, Mediterranean Region and South Asia are commonly associated woth excessive facial hair. Hirsutism is also hereditary and so if one’s mother, sister or female relative has or had the condition then there are higher chances of them suffering from the same.
Females who are under oral contraceptives with Norgestrel, birth control pills containing progesterone or anabolic steroids can interfere with the normal level of hormones leading to excess hairs on the face.
Treatment of Hirsutism
There is a treatment that allows permanent facial hair eradication for women. This procedure is called electrolysis and it is completely safe and approved by the American Food and Drug Administration. (FDA). Negative current is applied to the hair follicle to destroy it and prevent it from growing and producing hair. In most cases, multiple sessions are needed to accommodate all the follicles.