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List of African countries, their date of getting independent and their colonial masters

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Africa as a continent has a total of 54 countries recognized. These countries were under the colonial rule by European countries since the 17th century till late 19th century. During the colonial times, Africans underwent serious mistreatment from their masters who subjected them to various atrocities such as forced labor, slavery and such harsh treatments. This led to a lot of fight and wars between these colonial powers and their subjects in an attempt to get free from the whites. This is what is called Struggle for Independence.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Here is the list of all African countries and their colonial masters with the years they acquired independent;

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Algeria

It was colonized by France until on July 5th in 1962 when they got independent.

 

Angola

Angola got independent on 11th November in 1975 from Portugal.

Benin

Benin got her independence on 1st August in 1960 from the French.

Botswana

Botswana was colonized by the Britain until on 30th September in 1966 when they became independent.

Burkina Faso

It was colonized by the France and got independent on 5th 1960.

Burundi

Burundi is a former Belgian colony and got liberated on July 1st 1962.

Cameroon

It became independent on 1st July 1960 after being under French administration under UN trusteeship.

Cape Verde

Caper Verde island was under Portugal until July 5th 1975.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chad

Independent – 11th August 1960

Colonial Master – France

Central African Republic

Colonial Masters – France

Independent – August 13 in 1960

Comoros

Independent – July 6th 1975

Colonial Master – France

Congo

Independent – August 15th  1960

Colonial masters – France

Congo Democratic Republic of

Independent – June 30th  1960

Colonial power – Belgium

Cote d’Ivoire     

Independent – August 7th  1960

Colonial master – France

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Djibouti

Independent – June 27th  1977

Colonial masters – France

Egypt    

Independent – February 28th  1922

Colonial Powers – Britain

Equatorial  Guinea         

Independent – October 12th 1968

Colonial power – Spain

Eritrea 

Independent – May 24th  1993

Colonial masters – Italy

Ethiopia

Ethiopia was never colonized

Gabon 

Independence – August 17th  1960

Colonial Master – France

Gambia

Independent – February 18th 1965

Colonial masters – Britain

Ghana  

6th  March 1957

Colonial Master – Britain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Guinea

Independent – October 2nd 1958

Colonial Power – France

Guinea Bissau  

Independent – 10 September 1974

24 September 1973

Colonial master – Portugal

Kenya  

Independent – December 12th  1963

Colonial power – Britain

Lesotho

Independent – October 4th  1966

Colonial masters – Britain

Liberia 

Independent – July 26th  1847

It was set up by American as a colonization Society

Libya    

Independent – December 24th  1951

Colonial power – Italy

Madagascar       

Independent – June 26th  1960

Colonial master – France

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malawi

Independent – July 6th  1964

Colonial power – Britain

Mali      

Independent – September 22nd 1960

Colonial power – France

Mauritania        

Independent – November 28th  1960

Colonial master – France

Mauritius           

Independent – March 12th  1968

Colonial master – Britain

Morocco             

Independent – April 7th  1956

Colonial master – France

Mozambique    

Independent – June 25th  1975

Colonial master – Portugal

Namibia              

Independent – March 21st  1990

Colonial masters – Germany before being under South African mandate after WW2

Niger    

Independent – August 3rd  1960

Colonial master – France

Nigeria

Independent – October 1st  1960

Colonial master – Britain

Rwanda               

Independent – July 1st  1962

It was a Belgium administered UN trusteeship

Sao Tome & Principe    

Independent – July 12th  1975

Colonial Power – Portugal

Senegal

Independent – April 4th  1960

Colonial Master – France

Seychelles         

Independent – June 29th  1976

Colonial master – Britain

Sierra Leone     

Independent – April 27th  1961

Colonial Power – Britain

Somalia               

Independent – July 1st  1960

Colonial Masters – Britain

Italy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

South Africa      

Independent – 11th  December 1931,

April 1994 (end of apartheid)

Colonial Power – Britain

Sudan  

Independent – January 1st  1956

Colonial Power – Egypt, Britain

Swaziland          

Independent – September 6th 1968

Colonial Power – Britain

Tanzania             

Independent – April 26th  1964

Colonial Power – Britain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Togo     

Independent – April 27th 1960

Colonial Power – French administered UN trusteeship

Tunisia

Independent – March 20th 1956

Colonal – France

Uganda

Independent – October 9th 1962

Colonial Masters – Britain

Zambia

Independent – October 24th 1964

Colonial Country – Britain

Zimbabwe         

Independent – April 18th 1980

Colonial Country – Britain

 

 

 

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